He lost all of his money in legal battles, defending his patent. Shannon Stoney holds a B. At a young age, Kay was placed in charge of his father's mill. It is often incorrectly written that Kay was attacked and fled to France, but in fact he simply moved there to attempt to rent out his looms, a business model that had failed him in England. Most of these new shuttles were copies, not made by the Kays.
His daughter Lettice was born in 1726, and his son in 1728. Kay tried to promote the fly-shuttle in Bury, but could not convince the woollen manufacturers that it was sufficiently robust; he spent the next two years improving the technology, until it had several advantages over the device specified in the 1733 patent. The flying shuttle, which was by 1704— in 1733, greatly sped up the previous hand process and halved the labour force. Also, fly-shuttle use was becoming widespread in weaving, increasing cotton demand and its — and Kay was blamed. In Bury he continued to design improvements to textile machinery; in 1730 he patented a and machine for.
John Kay is frequently confused with another John Kay, a clockmaker, who lived in the same time period. My workers are able to produce more fabric than ever and the fabric just keeps coming and coming! For centuries had been carried out on the basis of the shuttle bearing the yarn being passed slowly and awkwardly from one hand to the other. Kay called his invention a wheeled shuttle, but users frequently called it a flying shuttle because of its speed. This new invention sculpted the way for mechanical power looms which came shortly after in 1787. The Flying Shuttle put the shuttle on wheels and controlled it with a driver. It was against this back ground of repetitive hand work that John Kay the son of a hand weaver probably looked at his life before him thinking there must be an easier way to weave cloth. Plus the weavers could only go as far as their arm length, but the shuttle allowed them to go farther.
Columbia , Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis. Bibliography What did he invent and what it is used for? At a young age, Kay was placed in charge of his father's mill. Kay lost all of his money in legal battles to defend his patent. Another primary reason space shuttles were invented is so we havethe capability to repair satellites that have been damaged by spacejunk, space storms and stray mini-comets. Denied the huge he wanted, Kay finally agreed to 3,000 plus a pension of 2,500 livre, annually from 1749 in exchange for his patent, and instruction in its use to the manufactures of. He retained the sole rights to shuttle production in France, and brought three of his sons to Paris to make them.
Old age His offer to teach pupils if the pension were restored was not taken up, and he spent his remaining years developing and building machines for cotton manufacturers in Sens and Troyes. The new invention was controversial because it drove some hand weavers out of business. This product should last you for about a year. When this cord was pulled to the left, the driver caused the shuttle to fly through the warp in the same direction. The weaver pulls on a cord that activates this mechanism and shoots the shuttle across the race. The shuttle then had to be caught in the other hand, the shed closed, and the pulled forward to push the weft into place. The Shuttle Club Kay and, initially, his partners launched numerous patent infringement lawsuits, but if any of these cases were successful, compensation was below the cost of prosecution.
Plans to invent the Space Shuttle began even before the Apollo Lunar Missions in the year 1969. The flying shuttle let weavers make cloth a lot faster than the normal tedious methods of hand making cloth. Handloom Weaver using Kay's Flying Shuttle Primary Sources 1 , 1935 In 1738, Mr. The gripping of the shuttle between the thumb and index finger for many years led to weavers thumb joints having considerable damage. It became possible to make a much wider cloth than before, and to produce four times as much.
John Kay unsuccessfully tried to enforce his manufacturing monopoly, and began to quarrel with the French authorities, briefly returning to England, in 1756 it is said that he was in his Bury home in 1753 when it was vandalised by a mob — and that he narrowly escaped with his life, but this is probably a 19th-century tale based on earlier Colchester riots; Kay was probably in France throughout the early 1750s. It orbited the Earth twice in 206 minutes of flight. It was all thanks to this opportunity being put in charge of this mill that he experimented with machines. Weaving with it was much more tiring, as the race and boxes on the beater made the beater much heavier. Theinvention could produce a large piece of cloth; the invention wasthrown by a leaver that could be operated by one weaver. People didn't like this at all, which lead to the upraising against Kay shortly after the releasing of his invention. When John Kay was old enough he went to apprentice a hand-loom reed marker, but returned home shortly after saying that he mastered the art.
Abridgments of specifications relating to weaving. The emergence of modern business enterprise in France, 1800—1930. The Society could find no-one who understood the shuttle, and there was a breakdown in correspondence, so that no award was ever made. Kay and Smith each took two shares and Abbott one of the five into which the patent was divided. His last known letter 8 June 1779 listed his latest achievements for the Intendant de Commerce, and proposed further inventions.