Some reference books may not have the name of the author and editor as well as the volume number. Make sure to include an in-text citation. Multivolume Work Basic Format: Editor. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. Direct quotes should always have page numbers. Sometimes you'll want to list the authors' names directly in your sentence. In closing, the important thing to remember is to cite any ideas you borrow and to include only the required information in your in-text citation.
Provide a page number as usual. Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual. Introduce the author in the sentence. Title of Book Edition, volume, p. There should be no more than seven names. Reference Book Basic Format: Author.
For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: Merriam-Webster's, 1993. With multiple authors, list all of their last names, separated by commas, and then add the year of publication in parentheses. If your instructor has stated that you should not use footnotes or endnotes, provide the same citation information in parentheses immediately following the borrowed information and before the closing punctuation. Alternatively, name the author in parentheses. Capitalize the title just as you would a sentence. Then, you need an additional citation for the page number after the quote. For your in-text citation, you still need to list every name the first time you cite to that particular source.
For lengthy headings, use the first few words of the title in the parenthetical citation Example: The sample population included both red and giant pandas Chan, 2011, Methodology section, para. Signal Phrase If you refer to the author's name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text citation, instead include the date after the name and the page number if there is one at the end of the quotation or paraphrased section. When you are citing two different sources that share the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters after the year of publication a, b, c, etc. For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided. At the end of the page or the end of the paper, cite the author's first and last name and the name of the article. For an article with three to five authors, list all authors names the first time you cite the article in your paper. In this Article: In order to indicate where specific information in an essay or report came from, a writer must immediately follow the borrowed information with an in-text citation.
Robert Smith and Kevin Williams, Studies on the Human Condition New York: Big Time Press, 2012 , 4-14. Both the author and website name can be included either in parentheses or in the sentence. Note: Remember, you do not need to create formal citations in your reference list for classical works. Put articles and short works in quotation marks and books or other long works in italics. Separate multiple citations with semicolons. Introduce the author in the sentence.
If you are paraphrasing the page number is not required. It faced—or seemed to face—the whole eternal world for an instant, and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. Periodical name, volume number issue number , article pages. Your in-text citations are just as important as your reference section. Edited Book without Author Basic Format: Editor. This stays the same regardless of the number of authors. Examples of in-text citations: According to a study by Smith as cited in Kirkey, 2013 42% of doctors would refuse to perform legal euthanasia.
Put it in parentheses and add a period after the closing parenthesis. Follow the title with the year of publication as usual. This may involve describing research conducted by , paraphrasing another writer, or including a direct quotation from another work. Follow the same formatting that was used in the title, such as italics: Naturopathic, 2007. Always include the full name of the organization the first time you cite the source in-text. Online Book Basic Format: Author. Make sure you include a comma after the sixth author's name.
Name the author and website if using an Internet source. Section pages are enclosed in a parenthesis with the abbreviation pp. Place an ellipsis after the sixth author's name. All subsequent in-text parenthetical citations: Example: The event resulted in thousands of participants flocking to the National Mall in support of the cause Stewart et al. Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Name the organization if the work has a corporate or government author. In-text citation, by its name, is included within the body of a document. Typically, in-text citations are indicated through the use of footnotes or endnotes. Example Reference List entries: Daristotle, J. All further citations should use the appropriate acronym. When citing scholarly sources with multiple authors, include all of the information necessary in your references. Comparison of two exercise programs on general well-being of college students.
List all authors by last name and first and middle initials. Specify the year of publication. Then provide the final author name. . Example: The study did not come to any definitive conclusions Rothschild et al.